Pages

7.12.2018

"The Essential Jonathan Edwards", by Owen Strachan and Douglas A. Sweeney (book review)



"The Essential Jonathan Edwards", by Owen Strachan and Douglas A. Sweeney, was a considerably worthwhile read!  It is as thick mentally as it is physically (448 pages).  Therefore, much is covered in this book that requires a considerable amount of thought, but you will be blessed in doing so.

Basically, the book is laid out in such a way that the authors focus on a general category in each chapter. Their discussion is built around an analysis of Edwards’ sermons and/or essays.  Helpfully, the authors brilliantly reflect at the end of each chapter on how Jonathan Edwards’ position or circumstance (as discussed in the chapter) could influence our lives today. This, quite honestly, was probably my most favorite aspect of the book.   They did not neglect to discuss how we might think about particular topics today.  

Interestingly, I suppose there are three different ways someone could read through this book.

First, and most obvious, is reading it cover to cover in the order presented. This is obviously a heavy undertaking, but certainly proves helpful.  However, with so much information, much could be forgotten by the time the reader reaches the last pages.

A second approach could be reading just the numerous excerpts from Jonathan Edwards’ sermons and essays alone, without reading Strachan’s and Sweeney’s conclusions, discussions, or commentaries.  The reader could undertake sifting through Edwards’ challenging wording, and grow as a result.

A third reading approach could be to skip all of Edwards’ excerpts, and read just the authors’ commentaries.  They did such a fine job clarifying Edwards’ meanings, as 1700’s language is considerably different from modern English.  Therefore, without even reading his own words , one could still learn from Edwards through those who have taken great care in studying his life and teaching.

One chapter that piqued my interest pertained to Edwards’ view of the trinity. While his approach appeared problematic to me on a few levels, I gave this singular chapter more consideration than the others, as I sought out Edwards’ previous writings on the trinity, as well as writings of those who dissent with his view.  This highlights another positive aspect of this book.  The authors did a fine job citing each sermon and essay so you – the reader – could search out their full contexts yourself.

If you are a Jonathan Edwards aficionado, then this book would probably be a good purchase for you.  I don't consider it a “must-have” book for everyone, but I think anyone who reads it will be challenged, encouraged, and blessed by it. That said, I give this title five stars

Disclaimer:  I received this book free of charge from Moody Publishers in exchange for my unbiased review of it.  All opinions are mine, and I was not required to provide a positive review.

6.25.2018

"ESV Archeology Study Bible" (book review)


I’ve spent a considerable amount of time rifling through and perusing the various options of this Archeology Study Bible.  So, now it’s time to provide information to you regarding what it contains.

First: The version I am reviewing was the English Standard Version (ESV).  The purpose of this review is not to detail the reliability or pro’s and con’s of the ESV, but to detail some of the features the editors have included in it to make it an Archeology Study Bible.

Second: While most study bibles contain interpretive assistance based on a particular approach to theology, this study bible takes its approach from – obviously – an archeological standpoint.  The editors provide several insights pertaining to the origins and even some similarities of other ancient, non-biblical writings.  These commentaries aren’t intended, I don’t believe, to give “authority” to those writings, but to show some similarities among the world’s religions.

For example, found in Proverbs 22:17-24:22 is a comment titled, “the words of the wise.”  This commentary references the “thirty sayings” of Solomon.  The commentary provides a reference to the Egyptian Instruction of Amenemope, which appears very similar.  But the cross reference doesn’t stop there, but I also found it over in Psalm 1:3 “He is like a tree.”  Once again, a reference to Amenemope appears.

Obviously, this piqued my interest, as I’m certain it will others.  Examples like these two may inspire others with a history-buff kind of mind to dig deeper into ancient writings.

Third: Color pictures abound!  Often short articles pertaining to a particular archeological find appears, and near it are pictures to assist your mind’s eye.











Fourth: Intertestamental Events Timeline.  Tucked nicely between the Old and New Testaments, the editors have provided a brief, yet helpful, timeline of events that occurred during the intertestamental period of time.  Names like “Alexander the Great” and “Epicurious” will likely ring a bell with most readers.  This timeline helps readers place the biblical timeline in context with world history.



Fifth: Cultural points to ponder.  Randomly throughout this study bible are brief histories of cultural norms, such as what divorce and the temple tax looked like in the 1st Century.  These are helpful, in that they provide background from the original authors’ and readers’ points of view, rather than from the 21st Century.



RATING: Overall, I like the A.S.B., and I give it 4 stars.  It will not be my primary bible for regular use, but it will certainly supplement my studies.

DISCLAIMER: I received this bible from Crossway free of charge in exchange for my unbiased review of it.  All opinions are mine, and I was not required to provide a positive review of it.

5.17.2018

“High King of Heaven”, edited by Dr. John MacArthur (book review)



High King of Heaven”, edited by Dr. John MacArthur, digs deep into the person and work of Jesus Christ – otherwise known as Christology.  It is comprised of 4 parts, which are subdivided into 23 chapters, each written by a different author.

Part 1 covers the person of Jesus Christ, while Part 2 handles the work of Jesus Christ. Part 3 addresses the word of Jesus Christ, and part 4 concludes the book with the witness to Jesus Christ.

Several chapters were highly insightful, but the chapters that were most beneficial to my soul at the time of reading were Chapter 6, “The Good Shepherd”, written by Steven J. Lawson, and Chapter 23, “Do You Love Me”, written by John MacArthur. I'm certain I could re-read the book in a handful of months again and find other chapters to be beneficial.  It just so happens that these two chapters dealt with topics that I have been personally dealing with lately.

Given that the book is a Christological one, I am somewhat intrigued why two particular chapters – 20 and 21, written by Albert Mohler and Paul Washer, titled, “Salt and Light” and “Counted Worthy”, respectively – were included.   These were no doubt excellent chapters pertaining to believers’ witness in society and the believers’ persecution, but the whole of the book is a study about Jesus, not about the believer.

I know a fine line exists between the two, as we cannot discuss the Christian without also discussing Christ. But we can discuss the person, work, word, and witness to Christ without referring to Christians. The Bible has a lot to say about those four categories of Christology, and as I understand Christology, we want to study about him based on what the word of God teaches us, not based on its effect on man. That said, those were, indeed, two great chapters, but it seemed like they were slightly out of place. Maybe they should have been in the appendix instead.

All in all, I give “High King of Heaven” five stars out of five, and think it would be a good addition to any avid reader’s Library, right next to some other theological commentaries and systematic theology volumes.

Disclaimer: I received this book free of charge from Moody publishers in exchange for my unbiased review of it. All opinions are mine, and I was not forced to provide a positive review.

3.19.2018

“Word-Centered Church”, by Jonathan Leeman (book review)



“Word-Centered Church”, one of many excellent resources in the 9Marks line of books, is a worthwhile title to add to one’s bookshelf.  In fact, some readers may already have this one under its previously-released title, “Reverberation”, from 2011.  I didn’t read the first edition, so I can’t speak to what has been changed, but can speak of the book on its present merits.

As the title so aptly suggests, Mr. Leeman’s intent is to inspire pastors, teachers, and members alike that the Bible – God’s Word – must be the center of our worship, for it is the Word of God that creates His people, gathers His people, sanctifies His people, and sends His people.  It is divided into three parts – Part 1: The Word (Acts; Invites and Divides; Frees; Gathers), Part 2: The Sermon (Exposes, Announces, Confronts), and Part 3: The Church (Sings, Prays, Disciples, Scatters and Once Again Gathers).

Jonathan Leeman unashamedly makes the case that Christian gatherings must absolutely be distinct from the world, for God’s Word is different from that of the world.  God’s Word reveals to us that God that God is holy, that we are sinners, that God’s wrath over sin looms over sinners, that we need a Savior, that Jesus Christ is that one-and-only Savior, and that we will all face God’s judgment – either with or without Jesus as our Substitute.

This book is full of helpful insight for not only pastors/elders, but also for small/community group leaders and church members alike. 

For pastors, it will serve as a solid reminder that leaning on worldly church growth models is a hopeless endeavor.  While numbers may increase for a season, what will personal growth be built upon, new programs, cool music, merely motivational sermons? 

For community group leaders (and this hit home with me), this book is a strong reminder that we Christians are brought together by the Word of God, and we gather corporately and in small groups under the Word of God.  Like the pastors, community group leaders should be focused on reminding members of the group of the gospel, of the hope we have, and of the joy of sins forgiven.  It reminds us to pray God’s word together.

Finally, for the church and community group member, this book helps establish a strong foundation that we ought to be looking for God’s Word in our large and small gatherings, and that our worship and daily lives must be centered on His Word.  To expect new programs, cool music, or merely motivational speeches misses the mark of the true gospel of Jesus Christ.  We are not saved by or for the next greatest song; we are saved only by the life-giving gospel of Jesus Christ, and the gospel is revealed to us in God’s Word!

In other words, the Word must be the center of all we do as disciples of Jesus Christ.

Rating: I give “Word-Centered Church” 5 out of 5 stars.  It contains both rich theology AND practical application to daily living.

Disclaimer: I received this book free of charge from MP News Room (Moody Publishers) in exchange for my unbiased review of it.  All opinions are mine, and I was not required to provide a positive review of it.


Jonathan Leeman

3.16.2018

“Savage Jesus”, by Steven Furtick (message examination)



I am not a follower of Steven Furtick, but a friend is.  He recently attended one of Elevation’s services, so I wanted to listen in.  I understand he says many helpful things; but his theology is not very good.  What Steven Furtick said in this particular instance is troubling.  Here we have yet another highly influential preacher undermining God’s word, reducing it to make it something altogether different. 


When Jesus shows up, demons tremble…dysfunction has nowhere to run…and we came to declare today to every evil spirit in our city: ‘Come out in the name of Jesus’.”  (Continuous applause) (21:40 to 22:00).

How many times have you been to church, possessed by this demon – Don’t get caught up on ‘demon’; I know some of y’all are so scared right now looking for the exits, ‘We’re not going to do anything like that’.   If you make this Bible passage about demons, you missed the entire demonstration of authority because we don’t call it ‘demons’ anymore.  In the ancient world, everything was a demon.  Runny nose – demon! (audience laughter)  I’m serious!  Mental illness was demon.  They didn’t have tests and pills and all this, so it was just a demon.  Now, do demons still exist today?  Yes, but do we call them ‘dysfunctions’ instead? (22:13 to 24:00).

I want to know this: If Jesus was, in fact, talking to a “dysfunction”, then how did the “dysfunction” answer him?  How does dysfunction vocalize an answer?  Instead, Mark the gospel writer, makes it abundantly clear that Jesus spoke to the literal demon.  It may have even been multiple demons in the man, since the demon asks, "What do you want from us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us?"  Or maybe there were multiple demons in the crowd, and this one was the "spokesman", so to speak.  Nevertheless, not to be confused with it being a mere state of mind or condition, Mark tells us clearly the demon actually replied to Jesus. 

While Jesus was speaking to the man, He commanded the literal demon within the literal man.  He said, “Be silent, and come out of him.”  The “him” referred to in that passage was the literal man.  Then in verse 25, Mark explained that the demon convulsed the man, crying with a loud voice as it left the literal man.  The people then exclaimed that Jesus’s authority was so authoritative that even unclean spirits obey his command!  Once again, Mark is clear that this is a spirit; literally, a demon – not a dysfunction or psychotic condition that can be treated with pills or changed behavior.

I am making no judgments on the man’s soul or position before God.  However, if you’re a listener/follower of Furtick’s, be very careful….extremely careful.  Don’t get caught up in his charisma and flashy-ness, but feast on the true Word of God as clearly revealed in Scripture.  May Jesus Christ be glorified in the preaching, reading, studying, and singing of His Word; not minimized.

2.23.2018

"The Hidden Enemy", by Dr. Michael Youssef (book review)


I’ve listened to and had moderately followed Dr. Michael Youssef in past years.  Having a general understanding his background, I thought this title would be interesting to read and review.  At the outset, however, I’ll let you know that this book wasn’t one of my favorites.  It wasn’t bad – not by any stretch of the imagination – but it was just kind-of ok.

The premise of the book surrounds the problems facing us (apparently Western civilization?) today, both externally and internally.  Externally, we have threats coming from radical Islamists who seek to establish Sharia law globally, while internally our media propaganda is another. 

Yet, I found it difficult to distinguish exactly WHO Dr. Youssef was referring to when he explained these threats.  Was he referring to the Church?  Or was he referring to America, to Western civilization as a whole?  I wasn’t exactly sure, because there were some aspects where Dr. Youssef pointed to the fact that the Church will not be overcome by the Enemy…yet he frequently spoke of Islamists and Media gnawing away at our civilization. 

For example, on page 125, he writes, “Let’s not be cowed into silence by those who seek to conquer our civilization (emphasis mine).  Just two pages later he writes, “How can we defend our civilization (emphasis mine) against the Islamists who seek to conquer us?”  Here’s the issue: Nations rise and fall at God’s direction.  None arises a moment sooner than He commands, and not a single one will last even one second beyond God’s decree.  The Bible and God's timetable of events is not centered on Western civilization; nor should our theology.  

The resounding passage of the book came from John 14:6 – “I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.” – Jesus.  While Dr. Youssef frequently quoted and explained (albeit, very softly) this passage, especially in the light of the current trend that our civilization seems to think all paths are equal paths to God, I was left wondering if an unbeliever reading this book would understand the gospel of Jesus Christ

Although Dr. Youssef spoke of Jesus dying on the cross for sin, he didn’t clearly explain why the death of Jesus was necessary in the first place.  It came across as, "Jesus died for sin?  Oh, what a nice gesture."  I would have liked to see just one chapter devoted to the big story of the atonement.  I would have liked to see Dr. Youssef explain in more detail God’s holiness, our sinfulness, and our being under God’s wrath for sin.  I would have liked to see him explain that Jesus’s death was necessary to save sinners, because it is only the righteousness of Jesus that covers us as God looks upon us in His holy judgment of us…thereby taking readers to John 14:6

Instead, there was just the soft, easy gospel approach that is all too common in the West.  It wasn’t heretical theology; just soft.  That said, I know and believe God is faithful to use His word to accomplish His purposes to His glory, even where and when we are flawed or limited our presentation of it.  So, I can at least give Dr. Youssef credit for not altogether ignoring it.

Overall, the book was an easy read peppered with current events that support his position about the enemies proposed at the beginning of the book.  I’ll not spoil the end of the book, where he explains who the “hidden” enemy is.  It wasn't a surprise, but if you're still interested in reading it, then it at least won't be spoiled by me.

Rating: I give this one just 2 ½ stars.  It wasn’t bad, but I simply wasn’t interested, and it didn’t keep me deeply engaged, and the gospel message could have been better presented.  I certainly would have been disappointed if I had paid the suggested $16.99 for it.


Disclaimer:  I received this book free of charge from Tyndale House Publishers in exchange for my unbiased review of it.  All opinions are mine, and I was not required to provide a positive review.

1.27.2018

"Long Before Luther", by Nathan Busenitz (book review)


Nathan Busenitz, in "Long Before Luther", seeks to answer the question, "Did the early church teach justification by faith, or was it a 16th-century invention of the Reformers?" 

Throughout 11 chapters and 164 pages, Busenitz makes it very clear that "examples abound of authors who used the language of 'faith alone' to describe salvation'" (p.161).  Not only did they describe salvation as such, but authors also wrote of the distinction between justification and sanctification, as well as the "Great Exchange": the righteousness of Christ imputed upon the sinner, and the sins of the sinner imputed upon Christ.

Regardless of whether the early church fathers wrote as they did, the Reformers' first appeal was to scripture, the final authority of all matters of faith and doctrine.  There, they drew upon Jesus and Paul, finding full assurance that the Scriptures taught justification by faith.  One such example to support their theology looked like the thief on the cross, who found justification without performing a single work.

One of the neatest chapters was the appendix, "Voices From History", where Busenitz quotes from several church fathers, tracing them through the centuries, beginning with Jesus, Peter, Paul, and John.  The list also includes Clement of Rome and Polycarp (1st and 2nd centuries) through the years to Jerome and Augustine (4th century), Julian of Toledo (7th century), and Bernard of Clairvaux (12th century), etc.  Each century is represented, and it is truly interesting to see how opponents of sola fide can claim the church fathers never taught such a thing.

But, as Busenitz shows, sola fide has been taught long before Luther.

RATING: I give "Long Before Luther" 4 out of 5 stars.  It was very good...very informative...but not a page-turner.  There was a lot of redundancy, but I suppose the redundancy was necessary since so many church fathers taught sola fide.  It's also good to be repeatedly reminded of the doctrine so that different wordings help it sink in.

DISCLAIMER: I received this book free of charge from Moody Publishers (MP Newsroom) in exchange for my unbiased review of it.  All opinions are mine, and I was not required to provide an unbiased review of it.